Revision Resource

3.6 – Managing Change


3.6.1 – Causes and Effects of Change


  1. a) Causes of change:

Changes in organizational size:

Explanation: Alterations in the size of an organization can stem from various factors including mergers, acquisitions, or downsizing, impacting its structure and operations.

Poor business performance:

Explanation: Underperformance can necessitate changes in strategies, operations, or management to revitalize the business.

New ownership:

Explanation: A change in ownership can bring about shifts in business direction, strategies, and corporate culture.

Transformational leadership:

Explanation: Leaders who employ a transformational approach can instigate change by inspiring employees and fostering innovation.

The market and other external factors (PESTLE):

Explanation: Changes in the political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environmental landscapes can compel businesses to adapt and evolve.

  1. b) Possible effects on:


Explanation: Change can affect a business’s standing in the market, potentially enhancing or diminishing its competitiveness.


Explanation: Changes in processes or strategies can lead to improvements or declines in productivity.

Financial performance:

Explanation: Change can have ramifications on a company’s financial health, influencing its profitability and financial stability.


Explanation: Stakeholders may be affected by changes in different ways, with impacts ranging from altered employee roles to fluctuating investor returns.

3.6.2 – Key Factors in Change


  1. a) Organizational culture:

Explanation: The prevailing culture in an organization can significantly influence how change is perceived and implemented.

  1. b) Size of the organization:

Explanation: The size of an organization can dictate the complexity and scope of change initiatives.

  1. c) Time/speed of change:

Explanation: The timeframe within which change is implemented can affect its success, with rushed processes potentially leading to resistance and failures.

  1. d) Managing resistance to change:

Explanation: Effectively managing resistance involves understanding the concerns of stakeholders and facilitating smooth transitions through communication and involvement.

3.6.3 – Scenario Planning


  1. a) Identifying key risks through risk assessment:

Natural disasters:

Explanation: Businesses need to identify and prepare for potential natural disasters that could disrupt operations.

IT systems failure:

Explanation: Companies should anticipate IT failures and have strategies in place to mitigate their impacts.

Loss of key staff:

Explanation: Organizations must be prepared for the departure of crucial personnel and have plans for succession and knowledge transfer.

  1. b) Planning for risk mitigation:

Business continuity:

Explanation: Ensuring business continuity involves having plans to maintain operations in the face of disruptions.

Succession planning:

Explanation: This involves preparing for the transition of leadership or key roles to ensure stability and continuity in operations.
+44 20 3885 2469
85 Great Portland Street, First Floor, Marylebone, London, W1W 7LT
Verified by MonsterInsights